[Note: this is a pretty long article – but chock-full of great info!]
Lisa Przekop’s son was denied admission at UCSB last year. She’s in good company – many students were not admitted – but she’s the Director of Admissions at UCSB. Admission to the University of California has become highly competitive over the past few years. While the UCs tell us that students with a 3.0 cumulative GPA (for 10th and 11th grades, weighted in that special UC way that allows a maximum of 8 semesters’ worth of extra GPA points) are eligible to apply to UC schools, unfortunately this belies the reality that each of the nine UC campuses does not have enough space for the number of students who want to attend. UCLA, for example, received over 80,000 applications for spaces in their freshman class (UCLA consistently reports that it received over 100,000 applications in 2013; this is accurate but they always leave out that 20,000 of those applications were from students seeking to transfer in as juniors).
California students and parents are concerned that the UCs are beginning to admit more students from out-of-state, and international students, because they will pay higher tuition – money that the UCs desperately need. But these students are only a small fraction of the population at UC schools and in fact, they are not accepted at disproportionately higher rates.
It helps to understand how the UCs evaluate applications. At a recent conference for independent counselors, I attended a 2-part session presented by UCSB Admissions Director Lisa Przekop and Admissions Counselor Cuca Acosta. In the first session, they explained the UC’s requirements and detailed their comprehensive review process; in the second session, we reviewed actual student applications, including essays.
Each UC campus evaluates applicants individually, based on its own priorities and standards. UCs offer holistic admissions, evaluating both academic and non-academic factors. “We are looking for the students who fit the culture and the values of our campus,” said Ms. Przekop, helping to explain why some students are admitted to some UC campuses but not others (always frustrating!).
Overall, these are the components that the UC campuses consider in admitting students (I will give additional detail about each of these categories below):
- Academic achievement/college prep work
- Performance on standardized tests
- Participation and achievement in academic enrichment programs
- Special talents, achievements and awards
- Personal qualities
- Challenges, hardships, unusual circumstances
- Capacity to contribute to the intellectual and cultural life of a campus community.
All of these components are considered in the context of an applicant’s environment, both personal and academic. The last item is where different campuses can inject their own personality and make finer grain decisions. According to Ms. Acosta, “the campuses determine which of the criteria they will use, and what weight each criterion will be given.” The criteria are described more here, and here’s some additional detail:
- Academic achievement/college prep work:
+ The UC academic requirements (called the a-g requirements) are detailed here. The UC requires one full year of visual or performing arts classes, and the intent is for the courses to be in sequence. Some out-of-state high schools do not require or offer visual or performing arts, so exceptions can be made. For California students, evaluators are allowed discretion in determining whether a student intended to fulfill this requirement. California students may also take a visual or performing arts course at a community college. Here’s a tip: just one semester of visual or performing arts at a community college will satisfy the full year requirement!
+ UC gives California students a GPA “bump” for approved honors courses, as well as IB and AP classes, allowing a maximum of 8 semesters of this extra credit. Since out-of-state high schools do not have their honors courses approved by the UC, these students only get the “bump” for AP and IB courses, making it appear as though out-of-state students have lower GPAs compared to California applicants.
+ The strength/rigor of your 10th, 11th and 12th grade courseload tells the UCs how motivated you are. They are looking to see that you have completed courses beyond the minimum requirements (this applies especially to engineers, who should have completed Physics and Calculus by the end of their senior year). People often ask me if they should take every single AP class available. The UCSB admissions folks agreed with the advice I usually give: think hard about what grades you might get if you take three, four or five AP courses in one semester or year. If you think you might get a C or two, focus on your area of strength and dial back the rigor. Challenging yourself but getting a C in an AP course does not make you look good.
- Standardized testing: The UCs require students to submit either an SAT or an ACT score, and they DO NOT superscore. Applicants should send in scores from just one sitting, their highest overall score. Students can send SAT or ACT scores to just one UC campus, and that campus will share those scores systemwide. Additionally, SAT Subject tests are optional, but if you took them and did well, they may add value to your application at some campuses.
- Participation in academic enrichment programs: these could include summer programs, community college courses, or college prep courses offered within the context of your school. The UCs want to know these things about whatever you list in this category:
+ Time and depth of participation (was it a one-week program or a three-year program?)
+ Academic progress made during participation (Why did you sign up for it; what did you accomplish?)
+ Intellectual rigor of the program
- Special talents:
+ Accomplishments in visual or performing arts
+ Athletic talent
+ Leadership in school or community organizations or activities
+ What do you do? What do you love? What is your passion? What is your talent? There are always opportunities to shine in some leadership role. Your activities are not limited to those sponsored by your high school. With regard to your activities, “we like things that show depth and breadth,” say the UCSB admissions folks. “Four years of an activity is good.” In the section where you report your activities, give them some context. If you are on student council, tell them how large your class is. Explain acronyms (they WON’T look them up!!) Tell them specifically what you are responsible for if you hold a position. And keep in mind that one single activity will not make or break your application.
+ Remember that the pool of applicants for the UC campuses is smart and talented! National Honor Society is particularly common, so it’s not very impressive. Eagle Scout, on the other hand, is not as common, so it is impressive.
- Personal qualities: “This is the area where I see students shortchange themselves the most,” said Admissions Director Przekop. Since the UCs don’t interview and won’t accept teacher recommendations, they can really only glean these personal qualities from what YOU say about yourself in your essays. And since you’ve been taught your whole life not to brag, it’s easy to see how the UCs could miss something about you that you’d really like them to know. Give specifics when you talk about your personal qualities in your essays. Talk about things like:
+ Leadership ability
+ Motivation, tenacity, initiative
+ Originality, creativity
+ Intellectual independence
+ Meaningful contributions to your community
- If you’ve dealt with challenges and hardships, the UC wants to know. Don’t focus on the challenge, focus on how you dealt with it and what you learned from it. Don’t be shy; it’s OK to talk about anxiety, ADD or other mental health issues. You can tell them if you have a disability, or a situation with your parents’ income, family situations, or if you’re the first in your family to attend college. They’re looking for maturity, determination and insight into dealing with or overcoming circumstances. It may seem harder to be a student who HASN’T faced challenges and hardships; this is where you need to dig deep and figure out what’s important and interesting about you, and what you could contribute to a college campus!
- Your capacity to contribute: Again, this is where each UC campus can inject their own personality as they try to determine if you are a good fit for them. Tell them about:
+ Experiences that demonstrate your promise for leadership
+ Significant achievements that demonstrate your promise to contribute to the cultural and intellectual vitality of the community
+ The likelihood that you would make meaningful and unique contributions to social interaction with students and faculty
+ While the UCs cannot use ethnicity/gender in admission decisions, they can consider if you have spent time exploring your ethnicity through dance, language, food, cultural groups etc. Keep in mind that the UCs are looking to build a diverse class of students from different backgrounds.
The UCs require two essays. This is where applicants have the opportunity to show their personal qualities – SHOW not TELL. Let the stories describe you, instead of describing yourself (which can come off sounding a little snotty!) Ms. Acosta was adamant that the UC essays are different from the Common Application essays – “We’re looking for facts,” she said. “Don’t take us into the moment with fluff. Get to the point. Write the essay as if you were writing a news article about yourself. Think journalism, not creative writing. Cram as much information into it as possible.”
You have 1000 words total over 2 essays to tell them everything you want them to know about you – everything they don’t already know from the section in which you detail your extra-curricular and volunteer activities. (As a point of reference, this article is just over 1,600 words.)
For the first time this year, the UC application will open on August 1, instead of October 1. Students may not submit applications until November 1, and the hard deadline is midnight (Pacific Time) November 30th. There is no benefit to submitting early, but don’t wait until the last minute! [Magellan College Counseling will hold UC application workshops on Saturday, September 6 and Sunday, September 7; you can RSVP here.]
Once again, all campuses review applications independently, and almost all notify in March. For more information, you can visit the main UC application site here.